Media freedom in the European Union Central, Northern and Western Europe has a long tradition of freedom of speech, including freedom of the press. In he called for an open system of news sources and transmission, and minimum of government regulation of the news. His proposals were aired at the Geneva Conference on Freedom of Information inbut were blocked by the Soviets and the French.
Continued violence against journalists, attempts at surveillance, and blocking of news channels, among other forms of censorship, were also issues of concern during the year. Legal Environment Although the constitution guarantees the freedoms of speech and expression, legal protections are not always sufficiently upheld by the courts or respected by government officials.
A number of laws that remain on the books can be used to restrict media freedom. The Official Secrets Act empowers authorities to censor security-related articles and prosecute members of the press.
State and national authorities, along with the courts, have also punished sensitive reporting by using other security laws, criminal defamation legislation, bans on blasphemy and hate speech, and contempt-of-court charges.
In Septemberpolice in Assam arrested journalist Jaikhlong Brahma and accused him of having links with a faction of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland, a separatist group.
Amnesty International reported that he was held without formal charges for several weeks under the National Security Act, but was released on bail in December. Journalist Sudhir Dhawale, who had been charged and jailed in under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act UAPA and the sedition law due to allegations that he was supporting the Maoist insurgency, was acquitted on all charges in May and released after more than three years in prison.
In late the Sahara conglomerate brought a criminal defamation complaint against journalist Tamal Bandyopadhyay, then deputy managing editor of the business daily Mint, in connection with his book, Sahara: However, as part of the agreement, the book was required to carry a disclaimer stating that it contained defamatory content.
Crony Capitalism and the Ambanis, which details alleged irregularities in the pricing of natural gas in the country. Despite the threat of legal repercussions, the journalists proceeded to publish and distribute the book themselves.
In the period surrounding the May elections, authorities at the state and local level reportedly brought defamation charges against dozens of students and professors for criticizing or mocking incoming prime minister Narendra Modi in their campus publications.
Legal restrictions on and surveillance of internet content have been increasing in recent years. In Aprilthe government announced the launch of a new program, the Centralized Monitoring System, which for the first time would provide the government with centralized access to all communications data and content that travel through Indian telecommunications networks.
The system would enable the government to listen to telephone calls in real time and read text messages, e-mail, and chat conversations.
As noted by the Committee to Protect Journalists CPJthe new system, coupled with lengthy jail sentences for failing to comply with a government decryption order, could be used against journalists who routinely rely on encryption and privacy to conduct their work. The system was reportedly not fully operational at the end of In Januarynews outlets reported that the government would be deploying an internet surveillance system known as NETRA, which would be capable of real-time keyword analysis on a range of internet communications, from public tweets to private e-mails, as well as Voice over Internet Protocol VoIP traffic on services like Skype and Google Talk.
These surveillance efforts are the latest in a series of setbacks for media freedom online. However, a constitutional challenge of Section 66A was pending before the Supreme Court at the end of the year. Google and Facebook reports have detailed the number of requests for user data that they receive from national governments, showing that India is among the top countries in terms of number of requests.
In India filed the second-highest number of requests with Facebook, after the United States, and the fourth highest with Google. In addition, Facebook reported that it restricted access to over 10, pieces of information for India in —the most for any country—largely under Indian laws prohibiting criticism of a religion or the state.
While some state governments are making an effort to disseminate information about the RTI Act, especially in rural and isolated areas, others are employing various means to make requests more onerous.
A number of activists who have attempted to use the act to uncover abuses, particularly official corruption, have been harassed or even killed in recent years. The Whistleblowers Protection Act was signed into law in Mayalmost four years after it was first introduced, but analysts raised concerns about its limitations and enforceability.
In December, media reports suggested that the government planned to amend the law to create exceptions protecting information related to national security.
The Press Council of India PCIan independent self-regulatory body for the print media that is composed of journalists, publishers, and politicians, investigates complaints of misconduct or irresponsible reporting, but does not have punitive powers.
The regulatory framework for the rapidly expanding broadcast sector does not presently feature an independent agency that is free from political influence. A series of scandals, including the arrests of two editors on charges of extortion, prompted media critics to call for greater regulatory curbs on unethical journalism in In May of that year, the parliamentary committee on information technology proposed establishing a statutory regulator for print and electronic media, but this had not occurred by the end of Access to the profession of journalism is open in India.
Media industry groups and local press freedom advocacy organizations generally operate without restrictions.Aug 15, · The situation is really grim and we, as responsible citizens, should not turn a blind eye. For instance, India is a home to world’s largest number of child labourers in the world.
Improvement in educational system has proved to be an effective measure in curbing this problem. Is press in India really free? Freedom of the press or freedom of the media is the freedom of communication and expression through vehicles including various electronic media and .
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Is the press really free?
in a way the press of india enjoys more freedom dn in many othr initiativeblog.com compared with pree n communist and military dictated nations out situation seems 2 be.
in Governance, India, opinion 5 Recommendations from TRAI that can Help India’s Press Remain Independent While these recommendations never saw the light of day, perhaps pushing for the implementation of some of these will help clean up the fourth estate.
Jul 11, · India's constitution says we have "freedom of expression" which includes, "freedom of press" also. At the same time, we find, journalists (like Dey) being murdered, press being scrutinised, pressurized and power resting in big hands.