Unfortunately, due to the lack of public access to private prison contracts, most of the details are unknown. Shortly before her death, the woman reported that she had been raped and assaulted by male inmates who were housed in the same cell block. She also reported being sexually humiliated by a GEO guard after reporting to the warden that guards allowed male and female inmates to have sex. A state audit showed that the jail barely kept the minimum number of guards required in the contract.
An orthodontist specializes in making the teeth straight. Types of treatment Braces and other devices are used to straighten teeth. An orthodontist can carry out work that aims to achieve the following: To achieve these goals, the orthodontist uses a range of medical dental devices, including headgear, plates, and braces.
Devices Orthodontic devices can be fixed or removable. Braces made from wire and clear ceramic Braces made from wire and ceramic are tightened regularly to move the teeth into place.
Archwire An archwire is a kind of brace that moves the teeth. A clear retainer A clear retainer can help keep the teeth in place after treatment.
Mouth guard for contact sports A mouth guard is recommended for people who play contact sports, such as football or rugby. Fixed appliances These are the most common devices used in orthodontics. They are used when precision is important.
A person can eat normally with fixed appliances, but some foods and drinks need to be avoided, such as carbonated drinks, hard candy, gum, and other sticky foods. People who participate in contact sports need to tell their orthodontist, as they may need special gum shields.
Examples of fixed orthodontic appliances include: Braces These consist of brackets, wires, and bands. Bands are fixed firmly around the teeth and serve as anchors for the appliance, while brackets are usually connected to the front of the teeth. Wires in the shape of an arch pass through the brackets and are fixed to the bands.
As the arch wire is tightened, tension is applied to the teeth. Over time, this moves them into proper position. Follow-up involves monthly visits to adjust or tighten the braces. Treatment may last from several months to a number of years.
Both clear and colored braces are available. Fixed-space maintainers If a child loses a baby tooth, a space maintainer will stop the two teeth at either side of the spaces from moving into it until the adult tooth comes through.
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A band is fixed to one of the teeth next to the space, and a wire goes from the band to the other tooth. Removable space maintainers These are an alternative to fixed-space maintainers. Special fixed appliances These can help control tongue thrusting or thumb sucking. They may be uncomfortable, especially when eating, and so they are only used if necessary.
Removable orthodontic appliances These may be used to treat minor problems, such as preventing thumb sucking or correcting slightly crooked teeth.
The appliance should only be taken out when cleaning, eating, or flossing. Sometimes, the orthodontist may advice the patient to remove them during certain activities, such as playing a wind instrument or cycling.
Examples of removable appliances include: This alternative to braces may be useful for adults. They are virtually unnoticeable by other people, and they can be removed to brush the teeth, floss, or eat.
An aligner is used for 2 to 3 weeks, then changed for a tigher one. A strap around the back of the head is attached to a metal wire in the front, or face bow.
The aim is to slow down upper jaw growth, and keeping the back teeth in position while the front ones are pulled back. Lip and cheek bumpers: These are specially made to relieve the pressure of cheeks or lips on the teeth.
This appliance is designed to make the arch of the upper jaw wider. It consists of a plastic plate with screws that is placed on the palate, or roof of the mouth.The dental braces we know today—a series of stainless-steel brackets fixed to each tooth and anchored by bands around the molars, surrounded by thick wire to apply pressure to the teeth—date to the early s.
the history of braces & orthodontics There was a time that teenagers and adults alike trembled at the thought of having to get braces.
The minute a dentist recommended seeing an orthodontist, the words “metal mouth”, “tin teeth” and other unattractive adjectives ran through people‘s initiativeblog.comon: Yarmouth Ave #, Boulder, , CO. Class III malocclusions are generally classified into 2 categories: skeletal and dental.
The diagnosis is important due to the different treatment approaches. Generally a dental class III can be treated with orthodontics alone, while a true skeletal class III requires a combination of orthodontics and surgery. Case report. Analyses of a Career as a Dentist - Dentists are often thought of as people to be feared.
Most people try to put off going to the dentist until their teeth hurt so much that they have no choice but to . Essay on History of Braces and Orthodontics - It is said that "33% of the world's population has undergone orthodontic treatment at some point in their life" (Evans).
This means one third of the people in the world have used some type of tooth-correcting method to better the smiles of the world. Class III malocclusions are generally classified into 2 categories: skeletal and dental.
The diagnosis is important due to the different treatment approaches. Generally a dental class III can be treated with orthodontics alone, while a true skeletal class III requires a combination of .