Background[ edit ] Fielding's first venture into prose fiction came a year previously with the publication in pamphlet form of Shamelaa travesty of, and direct response to, the stylistic failings and moral hypocrisy that Fielding saw in Richardson's Pamela.
Richardson's epistolary tale of a resolute servant girl, armed only with her "virtue", battling against her master's attempts at seduction had become an overnight literary sensation in The implicit moral message — that a girl's chastity has eventual value as a commodity —, as well as the awkwardness of the epistolary form in dealing with ongoing events, and the triviality of the detail which the form necessitates, were some of the main targets of Fielding's parody.
Richardson would continue to be a target of Fielding's first novel, but the Pamela phenomenon was just one example of what he saw as a culture of literary abuses in the midth century.
Colley Cibberpoet laureate and mock-hero of Pope's Dunciadis identified in the first chapter of the novel as another offender against propriety, morality and literary value.
The impetus for the novel, as Fielding claims in the preface, is the establishment of a genre of writing "which I do not remember to have been hitherto attempted in our language", defined as the "comic epic-poem in prose": He dissociates his fiction from the scandal-memoir and the contemporary novel.
Book III describes the work as biography. As becomes apparent from the first few chapters of the novel in which Richardson and Cibber are parodied mercilessly, the real germ of Joseph Andrews is Fielding's objection to the moral and technical limitations of the popular literature of his day.
But while Shamela started and finished as a sustained subversion of a rival work, in Joseph Andrews Fielding merely uses the perceived deprivation of popular literature as a springboard to conceive more fully his own philosophy of prose fiction.
Book I[ edit ] The novel begins with the affable, intrusive narrator outlining the nature of our hero. Joseph Andrews is the brother of Richardson's Pamela and is of the same rustic parentage and patchy ancestry. At the age of 10, he found himself tending to animals as an apprentice to Sir Thomas Booby.
It was in proving his worth as a horseman that he first caught the eye of Sir Thomas's wife, Lady Booby, who employed him now 17 as her footman. After the death of Sir Thomas, Joseph finds that his Lady's affections have redoubled as she offers herself to him in her chamber while on a trip to London.
In a scene analogous to many of Pamela's refusals of Mr. B in Richardson's novel, however, Lady Booby finds that Joseph's Christian commitment to chastity before marriage is unwavering. After suffering the Lady's fury, Joseph dispatches a letter to his sister very much typical of Pamela's anguished missives in her own novel.
The Lady calls him once again to her chamber and makes one last withering attempt at seduction before dismissing him from both his job and his lodgings.
With Joseph setting out from London by moonlight, the narrator introduces the reader to the heroine of the novel, Fanny Goodwill.
A poor illiterate girl of 'extraordinary beauty' I, xi now living with a farmer close to Lady Booby's parish, she and Joseph had grown ever closer since their childhood, before their local parson and mentor Abraham Adams recommended that they postpone marriage until they have the means to live comfortably.
On his way to see Fanny, Joseph is mugged and laid up in a nearby inn where, by dint of circumstance, he is reconciled with Adams, who is on his way to London to sell three volumes of his sermons.
The thief, too, is found and brought to the inn only to escape later that nightand Joseph is reunited with his possessions. Betty, the inn's year-old chambermaidhad taken a liking to Joseph since he arrived; a liking doomed to inevitable disappointment by Joseph's constancy to Fanny.
Tow-wouse, had always admired Betty and saw this disappointment as an opportunity to take advantage. Locked in an embrace, they are discovered by the choleric Mrs. Tow-wouse, who chases the maid through the house before Adams is forced to restrain her. Nevertheless, Adams remains resolved to continue his journey to London until it is revealed that his wife, deciding that he would be more in need of shirts than sermons on his journey, has neglected to pack them.
The pair thus decide to return to the parson's parish: Joseph in search of Fanny, and Adams in search of his sermons. With Joseph following on horseback, Adams finds himself sharing a stagecoach with an anonymous lady and Madam Slipslop, an admirer of Joseph's and a servant of Lady Booby.
The story of Leonora continues for a number of chapters, punctuated by the questions and interruptions of the other passengers. After stopping at an inn, Adams relinquishes his seat to Joseph and, forgetting his horse, embarks ahead on foot.
Finding himself some time ahead of his friend, Adams rests by the side of the road where he becomes so engaged in conversation with a fellow traveller that he misses the stagecoach as it passes. As the night falls and Adams and the stranger discourse on courage and duty, a shriek is heard.
|Joseph Andrews by Henry Fielding Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - words||The impetus for the novel, as Fielding claims in the preface, is the establishment of a genre of writing "which I do not remember to have been hitherto attempted in our language", defined as the "comic epic-poem in prose": He dissociates his fiction from the scandal-memoir and the contemporary novel.|
|Henry Fielding||We find that we are no longer merely laughing at people and situations, but also laughing with them; we are taking delight, rather than laughing in scorn.|
|About Joseph Andrews||
|initiativeblog.com Joseph Andrews is a Free eBook. [epub]||
The stranger, having seconds earlier lauded the virtues of bravery and chivalry, makes his excuses and flees the scene without turning back. Adams, however, rushes to the girl's aid and after a mock-epic struggle knocks her attacker unconscious.
After some comic litigious wrangling before the local magistrate, the pair are eventually released and depart shortly after midnight in search of Joseph. They do not have to walk far before a storm forces them into the same inn that Joseph and Slipslop have chosen for the night.
Slipslop, her jealousy ignited by seeing the two lovers reunited, departs angrily.Joseph is a man of genuine emotion, and it is this which inspires him to the virtuous action which Fielding believed so important: "I defy the wisest man in the world to turn a true good action into ridicule," Joseph comments in Book III.
Joseph, however, would be a bore if he were only a knight-like figure. A detailed discussion of the writing styles running throughout Joseph Andrews ; with Shamela ; and Related Writings: Authoritative Texts, Backgrounds and Sources, Criticism Joseph Andrews ; with Shamela ; and Related Writings: Authoritative Texts, Backgrounds and Sources, Criticism including including point of view, structure, setting, language, and meaning.
Joseph Andrews was the first published full-length novel of the English author and magistrate Henry Fielding, and indeed among the first novels in the English language. Published in and defined by Fielding as a ‘comic romance,’ it is the story of a good-natured footman's adventures on the road home from London with his friend and mentor, the absent-minded parson Abraham Adams.
Summary. Fielding inserts a lengthy discussion on the "practisers of deceit" and the attitudes about love that young ladies are reared with. This helps explain Lady Booby's confusion in her relationship with Joseph.
Jan 07, · JOSEPH ANDREWS VOL. I. CONTENTS.
INTRODUCTION. PREFACE. BOOK I. CHAPTER I. Of writing lives in general, and particularly of Pamela, with a word by the bye of Colley Cibber and others CHAPTER II.
Of Mr Joseph Andrews, his birth, parentage, education, and great endowments, with a word or two concerning ancestors CHAPTER III. Joseph Andrews A handsome young fellow who battles for his virginity throughout the novel.
Gaffar and Gammar Andrews Parents of Pamela and, it is believed, of Joseph. Mr.5/5(1).